in Excel searches for a value in the top row of a table or an array of
values, and then returns a value in the same column from a row you
specify in the table or array.
How to implement
Select your data and sort it in ascending
order. This step may not
be necessary as you will see in the Lookup training video but can be
useful for the beginner.
Lookup_value is the value to be found in the first row of the
Lookup_value can be a value, a reference, or a text string. Table_array
is a table of information in which data is looked up. You can use a
to a range or a range name. The values in the first row of table_array
can be text, numbers, or logical values. If range_lookup
parameter is set to TRUE, the
values in the first row of table_array must be placed in ascending
order: else HLOOKUP
may not give the correct value.
If range_lookup is FALSE, table_array need to be sorted.
Uppercase and lowercase text are equivalent.
Row_index_num is the row number in table_array from which the matching
value will be returned. A row_index_num of 1 returns the first row
value in table_array, a row_index_num of 2 returns the second row value
in table_array, and so on. If row_index_num is less than 1, HLOOKUP
returns the #VALUE! error value; if row_index_num is greater than the
number of rows on table_array, HLOOKUP returns the #REF! error value.
Range_lookup is a logical or boolean value that specifies whether you
to find an exact match or an approximate match. If TRUE or omitted, an
approximate match is returned. In other words, if an exact match is not
found, the next largest value that is less than lookup_value is
returned. If FALSE, HLOOKUP will find an exact match. If one is not
found, the error value #N/A is returned.
If HLOOKUP can't find lookup_value, and
TRUE, it uses the largest value that is less than lookup_value.
If lookup_value is smaller than the
first row of table_array, HLOOKUP returns the #N/A error value.
range_lookup is FALSE and lookup_value is text, you can use the
wildcard characters, question mark (?) and asterisk (*), in
lookup_value. A question mark matches any single character; an
matches any sequence of
characters. If you want to find an actual
question mark or asterisk, type a tilde (~) before the character.
Watch the Excel training video below to see how HLOOKUP is implemented: